Flows of molecules at the nanometers scale play an important role in many biological, chemical and physical systems and have important applications in the near future. 

Ions and macromolecules are transported across lipid membranes by highly selective nanoscale protein channels. The study of these processes and their imitation in artificial structures, fabricated by chemical synthesis or micro-fabrication, offers many opportunities for applications in ultrasensitive detection of molecules: rapid sequencing of DNA or RNA, studies of conformation (secondary structure of RNA, protein folding), or molecular interaction between proteins or between proteins and nucleic acids. The integration of channels and pores in the nanometer micro-fluidic devices or on deposited lipid bilayers on solid surfaces leads to the creation of new bio-sensors. 

Furthermore, nanoscale channels, such as nanoslits or individual nanotubes offer the possibility to explore new phenomena appearing for molecular flows confined in nanometers scales. New transport behavior and functionalities can be developed by taking benefit of the specific couplings occurring at these scales (electrostatic, surface properties, ….). Applications are numerous in the domains of desalination, ultra-filtration, energy harvesting.

The specific aim of this discussion meeting is to bring together researcher working on the transport in nanofluidic systems both from simulation or theoretical approaches and experimentalists. The purpose of this meeting is to create collaborations that, in turn, will advance the field and put forth new issues that the community needs to tackle.

It follows the workshops organized in Institut Henri Poincaré in 2013 and EPFL in 2014 on the same research theme.

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